Conditional and Future Tenses in Spanish

Mastering the Conditional and Future Tenses in Spanish

Conditional and future in Spanish

Hello, Spanish lovers! Are you ready to dive into the wonderful world of advanced verbs? Today we’re going to explore two tenses that will open up a universe of possibilities in your expression: the conditional and the future. Perfect for dreaming, planning, and speculating, these tenses are essential for any esteemed conversationalist.

1. The Conditional Tense: What if…?

The conditional is like Aladdin’s genie, but for verbs. It is used to express wishes, and possibilities, or to give advice in a very polite way.

Formation

Forming it is a walk on the beach: take the infinitive of the verb and add the endings -ía, -ías, -ía, -íamos, -íais, -ían. For example:

  • Hablar: hablaría, hablarías, hablaría, hablaríamos, hablaríais, hablarían.
  • Comer: comería, comerías, comería, comeríamos, comeríais, comerían.
  • Vivir: viviría, vivirías, viviría, viviríamos, viviríais, vivirían.

Use

The conditional is super versatile:

  • To express possibilities: “Si tuviera tiempo, viajaría más.”
  • To give soft advice: “Tendrías que hablar más con ella.”
  • To make polite requests: “¿Te importaría pasarme la sal?”

2. The Future Tense: What will it bring?

The future in Spanish is like having a crystal ball. It allows us to talk about what will happen or what we could do.

Formation

Just like the conditional, it is formed from the infinitive, adding the endings -é, -ás, -á, -emos, -éis, -án. Examples:

  • Hablar: hablaré, hablarás, hablará, hablaremos, hablaréis, hablarán.
  • Comer: comeré, comerás, comerá, comeremos, comeréis, comerán.
  • Vivir: viviré, vivirás, vivirá, viviremos, viviréis, vivirán.

Use

The future is ideal for:

  • Making predictions: “Mañana lloverá.”
  • Expressing spontaneous decisions: “Creo que iré al cine.”
  • Talking about future plans: “Visitaré Valencia el año que viene.”
Contrast between conditional and future in Spanish

Contrast between Future and Conditional

A common question among Spanish students is how to differentiate between the use of the future and the conditional, as both can be used to talk about the future. The key is to understand their purpose and context.

The Future: Certainty and Decision

The future is used to express actions that are considered certain or very likely. It’s the time of certainty and decision. For example:

    • “Mañana iré al médico” (a definite plan).
    • “Seguro que Juan ganará el torneo” (a prediction with certainty).

The Conditional: Hypothesis and Speculation

On the other hand, the conditional is used to talk about hypothetical or speculative situations. It’s the time of possibility and courtesy. For example:

    • “Si tuviera dinero, viajaría por el mundo” (a hypothetical situation).
    • “¿Podrías cerrar la ventana, por favor?” (a polite way to ask for something).

Situations of Confusion

Sometimes, both tenses can seem interchangeable, but there is always a subtlety in their use. For example:

    • Future: “Si llueve, saldré con paraguas” (a plan based on a condition).
    • Conditional: “Si lloviera, saldría con paraguas” (a less likely hypothesis).

Conditional and Future in Spanish. Conclusion.

Mastering these two tenses will open the doors to a new level of expression in Spanish. With the conditional and future, you can dream, plan, advise, and explore endless possibilities. So go ahead, use them and see how your Spanish rises to new heights!

Spanish Regular Verbs. Conjugation.

Spanish regular verbs conjugations

Spanish regular verbs. Present tense.

As you embark on your Spanish language journey, it becomes essential to grasp the concept of verb conjugation. Verbs are the core of sentences, indicating actions, occurrences, and states of being. Spanish verbs are varied and follow specific patterns when they are conjugated. Let’s enrich your understanding by introducing common verbs from each conjugation category.

The Spanish Present Tense: Conjugation in Action

The present tense in Spanish is used to talk about ongoing actions, habits, and general truths. It’s essential for daily communication, and mastering it is your first step to fluency. Here, we will explore common verbs in the present tense and their conjugations.

Spanish conjugations: AR, ER, IR

Common -AR Verbs and Their Conjugations

  • Hablar (to speak)
  • Estudiar (to study)
  • Caminar (to walk)
  • Trabajar (to work)
  • Amar (to love)
  • Usar (to use)
  • Mirar (to look at/watch)

For example, the verb “hablar” in the present tense is conjugated as:

  • Yo hablo
  • Tú hablas
  • Él/Ella/Usted habla
  • Nosotros/Nosotras hablamos
  • Vosotros/Vosotras habláis
  • Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes hablan

Common -ER Verbs and Their Conjugations

  • Comer (to eat)
  • Beber (to drink)
  • Correr (to run)
  • Leer (to read)
  • Temer (to fear)
  • Vender (to sell)
  • Entender (to understand)

The verb “Comer” in the present tense would be:

  • Yo como
  • comes
  • Él/Ella/Usted come
  • Nosotros/Nosotras comemos
  • Vosotros/Vosotras coméis
  • Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes comen

Common -IR Verbs and Their Conjugations

  • Vivir (to live)
  • Escribir (to write)
  • Abrir (to open)
  • Asistir (to attend)
  • Describir (to describe)
  • Recibir (to receive)
  • Decidir (to decide)

The verb “vivir” in the present tense would be:

  • Yo vivo
  • Tú vives
  • Él/Ella/Usted vive
  • Nosotros/Nosotras vivimos
  • Vosotros/Vosotras vivís
  • Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes viven

Conjugation Patterns: Regular vs. Irregular

Remember that while these verbs typically follow the regular conjugation patterns, numerous irregular verbs in Spanish do not conform to these rules. These irregular verbs include ser (to be), ir (to go), and tener (to have), among others. They have unique conjugation patterns that you will learn with time and practice.

Conclusion

By familiarizing yourself with these common verbs and their conjugations, you are setting a strong foundation for your Spanish language development. Regular practice with these verbs will not only improve your conjugation skills but also enhance your overall

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Difference between Ser and Estar

Differences between ‘ser’ and ‘estar’: Mastering Spanish Verbs with Ease

Today, we’re embarking on a linguistic adventure to unravel the mysteries of two Spanish verbs that often baffle learners: ‘ser’ and ‘estar’.

Differences between Ser and Estar

These verbs, both translating to ‘to be’ in English, are the charismatic duo of the Spanish language. But fret not! We’re here to decode their differences, uses, and sprinkle in some fun quizzes and exercises to make your learning journey as enjoyable as a stroll through Valencia’s vibrant streets!

1. Understanding ‘Ser’

‘Ser’ is like the foundation of a building – it’s used to describe permanent or lasting attributes. Think of it as the verb that deals with the essence of things. Here’s where you use ‘ser’:

  • Identity: “Yo soy Juan” (I am Juan).
  • Origin: “Ella es de España” (She is from Spain).
  • Time: “Son las ocho” (It’s eight o’clock).
  • Characteristics: “El cielo es azul” (The sky is blue).

2. The World of ‘Estar’

‘Estar’, on the other hand, is the verb of change and condition. It’s like the changing colours of the sky throughout the day. Use ‘estar’ for:

  • Location: “Estoy en la escuela” (I am at school).
  • Temporary states: “Estás cansado” (You are tired).
  • Emotions: “Estamos felices” (We are happy).
  • Ongoing actions (progressive tenses): “Están comiendo” (They are eating).

3. Ser vs. Estar: The Confusion Clearer

Sometimes, choosing between ‘ser’ and ‘estar’ can change the meaning of a sentence entirely! For example:

  • “Eres aburrido” (You are boring – a characteristic) vs. “Estás aburrido” (You are bored – a temporary state).
  • “Es seguro” (It’s safe – a permanent quality) vs. “Está seguro” (It’s safe – a temporary condition).
  • “Soy feliz”. Normally, I am generally happy (let’s forget the bad times).
  • “Estoy feliz”. For the moment, now I feel happy, after having had a bad time, or regardless of whether tomorrow I will be just as happy or whether, on the contrary, a stone on the road…

4. Tips for Mastery

  • Remember, ‘ser’ is for what something is, and ‘estar’ is for how something is.
  • Use mnemonic devices. For ‘ser’, think of DOCTOR (Description, Occupation, Characteristics, Time, Origin, Relationship). For ‘estar’, remember PLACE (Position, Location, Action, Condition, Emotion).
  • Practice, practice, practice!

Conclusion

Mastering the differences between ‘ser’ and ‘estar’ is like learning to dance – it takes practice, but once you get it, you’ll flow with the rhythm of the Spanish language effortlessly. Keep practising, stay curious, and most importantly, have fun with it!

¡Hasta luego!

Practical exercises

1. Fill in the blanks

It’s your turn! Fill in the blanks with the correct form of the verbs SER or ESTAR.

2. Fill in the blanks

Let’s complete the following sentences with the forms of SER or ESTAR in the preterite perfect, preterite indefinite or preterite imperfect tense.

3. Group by Significance

Group the following attributes under ‘ser’ or ‘estar’.

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Expresiones 1

Imperative mood in Spanish

The imperative mood (imperativo) is used to give commands or orders, instructions and give advice.

Spanish lessons. Imperative mood in Spanish.
  • Giving orders: “Roberto, pon la mesa, por favor”.
  • Giving instructions: “Primero introduzca la moneda, después marque el número”.
  • Offering: “Coge más tarta”.
  • Giving advise: “Si bebes, no conduzcas”.

Forms of the imperative mood

Regular verbs

HABLARCORRERVIVIR
(tú)HablaCorreVive
(vosotros)HabladCorredVivid
(usted)HableCorraViva
(ustedes)HablenCorranVivan

Irregular verbs

A) Verbs with la same irregularity that the Present of Indicative:

CERRARCONTARREPETIRCONDUCIRCONSTRUIRCONSEGUIR
(tú)CierraCuentaRepiteConduceConstruyeConsigue
(vosotros)CerradContadRepetidConduzcaConstruyaConsiga
(usted)CierreCuenteRepitaConducidConstruidConseguid
(ustedes)CierrenCuentenRepitanConduzcanConstruyanConsigan

B) Totally irregular verbs:

DECIR HACER IRSEPONER SALIRSERTENER VENIROÍRSABER
(tú)DiHazVetePonSalTenVenOyeSabe
(vosotros) DecidHacedIdosPonedSalidSedTenedVenidOídSabed
(usted)DigaHagaVáyasePongaSalgaSeaTengaVengaOigaSepa
(ustedes) Digan HaganVáyanse Pongan Salgan Sean Tengan Vengan Oigan Sepan

In this video, the great chef nando and our head of studies, Jenny, are going to teach you more about the imperative mood.

Exercise

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Expresiones 2

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